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The Lord's Prayer

Our Father Which art in heaven,
Hallowed be Thy name.
Thy kingdom come.
Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our debts,
as we forgive our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil:
For Thine is the kingdom,
and the power, and the glory, forever.
Matthew 6:9-13

The Lord’s Prayer is the prayer model, which Jesus taught His disciples. It is part of the Sermon on the Mount. Herein the Lord emphasized that prayer should not be an attempt to get God's attention by acting holy or repeating words. What really matters to God is the right heart attitude that seeks to know Who He is, and to do His will.

The disciples were wondering how to pray in the midst of oppressions and suppressions, and yet at the same time having to love their enemies. The Lord unfolded a prayer that was so simple and yet transcended all human wisdom. I believe beneath the Lord’s Prayer, we can find not only a model prayer but also God’s roadmap for the salvation of the Jews, and also the salvation of all the peoples of the earth. This prayer has eternal plans and purposes. It is definitely beyond our daily needs and wants.

Our Father Which Art In Heaven

This phrase alone can mean the salvation of all the Jews! Before we go further, we need to answer some questions in Proverbs 30:4:

Who has ascended into heaven, or descended?
Who has gathered the wind in His fists?
Who has bound the waters in a garment?
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is His name,
and what is His Son's name, if you know?

The Jews would obviously say that His name is Jehovah, but about His Son’s name, they did not have the answer. Their strong debates are still going on. When Jesus claimed Himself to be the Son of God, the unbelieving Jews charged Him with blasphemy. How could a Man call God as His Father? And how could He claim Himself to be the Son of God?

In Luke’s listing on the genealogy of Christ, Jesus is not just the son of David, the son of Abraham and the son of Adam. He was also the Son of God (Luke 3:38). This is good news for us. All of us are sons of Adam as we are his descendants. As Adam is the son of God, we are also the sons of God! God is delivering us from slavery and bondages. We are no longer slaves to sin, but we have become His sons. We are now heirs of God and joint-heirs with Christ.

For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, "Abba, Father." The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, and if children, then heirs-- heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together. (Romans 8:15-17)

And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, "Abba, Father!" Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. (Galatians 4:6-7)

The name of God the Father is "Abba Father." This is the name He desires all of us to call Him. It is more intimate and personal. In essence, it means "Papa" or "Daddy." In His divine design, God had planted His name in the mouths of every baby. This is perfect praise! Every time they call their earthly fathers, "Papa" or "Daddy," they are uttering the name of their Heavenly Father. How wise and loving His thoughts are towards us!

When God reveals this divine truth to the Jews, they will be saved! When the Jews have this revelation, they will be transformed. They will no longer be the slaves of sin but they will become the sons of God. God will send sent forth the Spirit of His Son into their hearts. They too will be crying out, "Abba, Father!" When they acknowledge God as their Father, they will be able to acknowledge Jesus as the Son of God, their Brother and Messiah! The name of God the Son is Jesus!

Hallowed Be Thy Name

This phrase is very significant to the people of God. The Jews are called to be a holy people to the LORD their God. The LORD has chosen them to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth (Deut. 7:6). But they had profaned the name of their God wherever they went.

Therefore say to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the Lord GOD: "I do not do this for your sake, O house of Israel, but for My holy name's sake, which you have profaned among the nations wherever you went. And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst; and the nations shall know that I am the LORD," says the Lord GOD, "when I am hallowed in you before their eyes."’ (Ezekiel 36:22-23)

'When I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them out of their enemies' lands, and I am hallowed in them in the sight of many nations, then they shall know that I am the LORD their God, Who sent them into captivity among the nations, but also brought them back to their own land, and left none of them captive any longer. And I will not hide My face from them anymore; for I shall have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel,' says the Lord GOD. (Ezekiel 39:27-29)

For His own name’s sake, God will sanctify His people. Praying "Hallowed Be Thy Name" is the desire of God that the Jews will be a holy people. They will become the light of the world. They will be holy as their God is holy.

Thy Kingdom Come

Whether we like it or not, Jesus will return in the same manner as He had ascended to heaven. He is going to touch down on the Mount of Olives (Acts 1:11-12). The kingdom of God will come to Israel. Jesus will return as the King of Glory coming through one of the ancient gates of Jerusalem, namely the East Gate.

Before this could happen, the people of God will have to return to their Promised Land. Aliyah is the migration of the Jews back to their homeland. Like migrating birds, the Lord has set the prophetic clock for them to return. Now is the time for them to return to their Promised Land, to ascend the holy mountain and to meet their God.

"Since you were precious in My sight, you have been honored, and I have loved you; therefore I will give men for you, and people for your life. Fear not, for I am with you; I will bring your descendants from the east, and gather you from the west; I will say to the north, 'Give them up!' And to the south, 'Do not keep them back!' Bring My sons from afar, and My daughters from the ends of the earth-- Everyone who is called by My name, whom I have created for My glory; I have formed him, yes, I have made him." (Isaiah 43:4-7)

When they return, He will establish the New Covenant with them. He will put His Word in their minds, and write it on their hearts. He will be their God, and they shall be His people. Jesus is the King, and the people of God are the citizens of His kingdom! His Word is the law of righteousness in His kingdom of love.

Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah-- not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the LORD.

But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more. (Jeremiah 31:31-34)

And Jesus will reign in righteousness with Jerusalem as His holy city. All the peoples of the earth will ascend the mountain of the LORD and worship Him:

Many nations shall come and say, "Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, and we shall walk in His paths." For out of Zion the law shall go forth, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

He shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. (Micah 4:2-3)

Thy Will Be Done In Earth, As It Is In Heaven.

His Word is His will. The Lord is watching to see that His Word is being fulfilled. He is ready to perform His Word (Jeremiah 1:12).

So shall My Word be that goes forth from My mouth; it shall not return to Me void, but it shall accomplish what I please, and it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it. (Isaiah 55:11)

Then the LORD put forth His hand and touched my mouth, and the LORD said to me: "Behold, I have put My words in your mouth. See, I have this day set you over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out and to pull down, to destroy and to throw down, to build and to plant." (Jeremiah 1:9-10)

When we pray according to His Word, we are praying according to His will. According to His Word in Romans 11:26, all Israel will be saved. According to His Word in Isaiah 19:25, Egypt will be His people, Assyria will be the works of His hands and Israel will be His inheritance.

Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread

This daily bread is not just about foods and drinks. We do not live by bread alone, we live by the Word of God. This is what the kingdom of God is all about.

For the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. (Romans 14:17)

In Deuteronomy 8:3-10, we see that God is bringing the Israelites into a land of promise and a land of prosperity, and not a land of poverty:

So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that He might make you know that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the LORD.

Your garments did not wear out on you, nor did your foot swell these forty years. You should know in your heart that as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you. Therefore you shall keep the commandments of the LORD your God, to walk in His ways and to fear Him.

For the LORD your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and springs, that flow out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat bread without scarcity, in which you will lack nothing; a land whose stones are iron and out of whose hills you can dig copper. When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which He has given you.

Every one of their needs will be provided in the Promised Land. Jehovah Jireh is one of the names of God. In the Mount of The LORD, it shall be provided (Genesis 22:14). Every one of their physical, emotional, spiritual, health and housing needs will be provided in their Land. They must return to their Promised Land.

And Forgive Us Our Debts

God will forgive them and wash them clean. He will deliver them from all their iniquities and transgressions. This is the promise that God makes to His people in Ezekiel 36:24-30:

For I will take you from among the nations, gather you out of all countries, and bring you into your own land. Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.

I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them. Then you shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; you shall be My people, and I will be your God.

I will deliver you from all your uncleannesses. I will call for the grain and multiply it, and bring no famine upon you. And I will multiply the fruit of your trees and the increase of your fields, so that you need never again bear the reproach of famine among the nations.

As We Forgive Our Debtors

God's forgiveness will empower them to forgive and love their enemies. When they do so, there will be the restoration of relationships, the removal of all bitterness and hatred, and the rejoicing of hearts and souls.

Christ Himself is the Way to peace (Ephesians 2:14-22). He is our peace. He has made peace between the Jews and the Gentiles by making us all one family. He broke down the wall of enmity that separated us. By His death, He ended the anger and resentment between us. He took the two of us that had been enemies and made us parts of His Body. He fused us together to become One New Man. At last there was true peace.

As parts of the same Body, our anger against each other has disappeared. Both of us have been reconciled to God. And so the feud ended at last at the Cross. This Good News of peace is for both the Jews and the Gentiles. Now all of us, whether Jews or Gentiles, may come to God the Father with the Holy Spirit's help because of what Christ has done for us. Now we are no longer strangers and foreigners to God, but we are members of God's very own family, citizens of God's kingdom. All of us belong in God's household. God is our Abba Father! We are called the sons of God. We are all brothers in Christ! Jesus is our Brother!

And Lead Us Not Into Temptation

The Lord will preserve His people against worldly values and vices. He will protect all of us against the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes and the pride of life. The Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations (2 Peter 2:9). No temptation has overtaken us except such as is common to man. God is faithful. He will not allow us to be tempted beyond what we are able. He will, with the temptation, also make the way of escape that we may be able to bear it (1 Corinthians 10:13).

Blessed is the man who endures temptation; for when he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him. (James 1:12)

But Deliver Us From Evil

Evil is a force that opposes God and His work of righteousness. All of the physical evils are the results of a far more serious moral and spiritual evil that began with the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. The ultimate source of evil is the devil, Satan himself.

Evil also comes from the hearts of men, which are desperately wicked and deceitful above all things (Jeremiah 17:9). This portion of the Lord's Prayer intercedes that the Lord will shield and protect His people from suicide bombings, biased media reports, global threats and anti-Semitism.

The best defense is the Lord Himself. When the people of God submit themselves to God and resist the devil, Satan will flee from them (James 4:7). When we obey the commandments of God, we draw nigh to God and He will draw nigh to us. When He is near, the devil will have to run away! The Lord is our Rock and our Salvation. He is our Defense and we shall never be shaken (Psalm 62:2).

For Thine Is The Kingdom

Jesus Christ the Messiah was born a king. He came preaching the kingdom of God. He died as the King of the Jews (Matthew 27:11).

He will be returning as the King of Glory. His name will be "KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS" (Rev. 19:16). We will be joint-heirs with Christ in His kingdom, which He has established through His sacrificial death on the cross.

"The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!" (Rev. 11:15)

All the peoples of the earth have become His people.

And The Power

Jesus Christ had all power and authority in His kingdom. He has the power to heal, forgive and deliver.

He also has the ability and strength to cast out the evil ones. Satan and his evil gang will be thrown into the lake of fire eventually.

The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. (Rev. 20:10)

And The Glory

The glory of God is His beauty and honor. It is fully revealed in Christ Jesus, full of grace and truth (John 1:14). Christ now shares His divine glory with His people (John 17:22), so that we are being transformed into the glorious image of God (2 Cor. 3:18). We will be fully glorified at the end of time in God's heavenly presence (Rom. 5:2; Col. 3:4).

There the glory of God will be seen everywhere. The Lord will be our everlasting Light!

The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. (Rev 21:23-24)


From everlasting to everlasting, He is our eternal God. His kingdom will last forever. We will live with Him forever and ever.

And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: "Blessing and honor and glory and power be to Him Who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, forever and ever!" (Rev. 5:13)


So be it. We all agree in total affirmation. In Isaiah 65:16, the Lord is also called the God of truth. In the original Hebrew language, it means the God of Amen. This is saying that the Lord is the One Who remains eternally true. He is the One Who can always be relied on.

In the New Testament, our Lord Jesus Christ is given the same title: "the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness" (Rev. 3:14). He too is eternally true and reliable.

All the angels stood around the throne and the elders and the four living creatures, and fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, saying: "Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom, thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen." (Rev. 7:11-12)

Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Written on:
3 August 2004