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Jesus In The Qur'an

Jesus is perhaps the most controversial character in Islam. The Muslim Jesus is a Jesus we never knew. Muslims believe that He ranks above other prophets, but below the status of their prophet Muhammad, despite the fact that Jesus had some divine attributes that Muhammad did not have.

Muhammad himself testified in the Qur'an that Jesus was born of the virgin Mary. He called Jesus the Word of God. Christ was not born from Allah, but had been created in Mary, out of nothing. Adam was created from neither a man nor a woman. Eve was created from only a man without a woman. To complete the picture, God created Jesus from only a woman without a man.

Allah was never the Father of Jesus, but his Creator. Christ was not the Son of Allah, but only a marvellous person, a special prophet, and an authorised ambassador of Allah.

In the Qur’an, Jesus’ name was ‘Isa.

There are mainly two sources for the records of ‘Isa. The Qur’an gives a history of his life, whilst the Hadith collections, the recollections of Muhammad’s words and deeds, establish his place in the Muslim understanding of the future.

Below are some of the teachings of Islam about Jesus:

What The Muslims Believe Qur’an Text
Islam is the original primordial faith, the faith existing from the beginning.

Judaism and Christianity were just later developments.

Abraham was not a Jew nor a Christian but he was a monotheist, a Muslim.

Note: The religion of Islam was founded in Mecca on 8 June 570, more than 500 years after Christ’s Ascension.

Al 'Imran 3:65-67
Muslims (not Christians or Jews) are the true representatives of the faith of Abraham to the world today. Al-Baqarah 2:135
The Biblical prophets were all Muslims. Many of them had received the one true religion of Islam. Ash-Shura 42:13
Who were these past prophets?
  • Ibrahim (Abraham)
  • ‘Ishaq (Isaac)
  • Yaqub (Jacob)
  • Nuh (Noah)
  • Dawud (David)
  • Sulaiman (Solomon)
  • Ayyub (Job)
  • Yusuf (Joseph)
  • Musa (Moses)
  • Harun (Aaron)
  • Zakariyya (Zachariah)
  • Yahya (John the Baptist)
  • ‘Isa (Jesus)
  • Ilyas (Ishmael)
  • Al-Yash’a (Elisha)
  • Yunus (Jonah)
  • Lut (Lot)
Al-An’am 6:85-87
‘Isa was a prophet of Islam.

His message was pure Islam, total surrender to Allah.

Al 'Imran 3:84
Like all the Muslim prophets before him and after him, ‘Isa was a lawgiver.

Al 'Imran 3:50; Al-Ma’idah 5:48
‘Isa’s original disciples were also true Muslims. Al-Ma’idah 5:111
Like other messengers of Islam before him, ‘Isa received his revelation of Islam in the form of a book. Al-An’am 6:89-90
‘Isa’s book is called the Injil or the Gospel.

The Torah was Moses’ book, and the Zabur (Psalms) were David’s book.

Al-Ma’idah 5:46
The one religion revealed in these books was Islam. Al 'Imran 3:18
‘Isa’s revelation verified previous prophets’ revelations. Al 'Imran 3:49,84; Al-Ma’idah 5:46; As-Saff 61:6
Muhammad himself verified all previous revelations, including the revelation to ‘Isa. An-Nisa’ 4:47
Muslims must believe in the revelation which ‘Isa had received.

Since the Gospel (Injil) of ‘Isa had lost its original form, the Qur’an is the only sure guide to ‘Isa’s teachings today.

Al-Baqarah 2:136
‘Isa was the Messiah. Al 'Imran 3:45
‘Isa would be a sign for all peoples. Al-Anbiya' 21:91
‘Isa ascended unto Allah. Al 'Imran 3:55
‘Isa was supported by the Holy Spirit.

Note: There is no Trinity in Islam.

Al Saddi and Kaab wrote, "The Holy Spirit is Gabriel, and his support of Jesus was by being His companion and friend, helping and accompanying Him wherever He went, until He was taken up into heaven."

Ibn Jubair explained, "Spirit of the Holy is the supreme name for Allah and by it Jesus was raising the dead."

Al-Baqarah 2:87,253.
‘Isa was strengthened by the Holy Spirit. Al-Ma’idah 5:110
‘Isa was referred to as the Word of Allah. An-Nisa’ 4:171
‘Isa’s mother was Mariam (Mary). Al 'Imran 3:34-36
While still a virgin, Mariam gave birth to ‘Isa alone in a desolate place under a date palm tree. Maryam 19:19-25
‘Isa spoke whilst still a baby in his cradle. Al 'Imran 3:46; Al-Ma’idah 5:110; Maryam 19:30
‘Isa performed various other miracles, including breathing life into clay birds, healing the blind and lepers, and raising the dead. Al 'Imran 3:49
‘Isa birth was recorded. Maryam 19:22-37; al-Anbiya' 21:91; al-Mu'minun 23:50
The annunciation of 'Isa birth was described. Al 'Imran 3:45-50; Maryam 19:16-21
'Isa authenticated the Old Testament. Al 'Imran 3:48; Al-Ma'idah 5:48
‘Isa will bear witness on the Day of Resurrection. An-Nisa' 4:159
Peace was upon ‘Isa on the day of his birth, death and raising. Maryam 19:33
‘Isa foretold the coming of Muhammad. As-Saff 61:6
‘Isa has 12 disciples. Al 'Imran 3:52-54; al-Ma'idah 5:111; as-Saff 61:14
‘Isa was faultless. Maryam 19:19
The likeness of ‘Isa with Allah is as the likeness of Adam.

Allah created ‘Isa of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he is.

Al 'Imran 3:59
The Gospel was bestowed on ‘Isa. Al-Ma'idah 5:46,78,110
‘Isa is a mercy from God, and a revelation for mankind. Maryam 19:21
‘Isa is a servant of God. Maryam 19:30-32
‘Isa was not God. Al-Ma'idah 5:17,72,116.
‘Isa was only a prophet of God. An-Nisa' 4:171-172; Al-Ma'idah 5:75; Maryam 19:30
Christians and Jews had corrupted their scriptures. Al 'Imran 3:74-77, 113
‘Isa is not the Son of God. God does not have a Son. An-Nisa' 4:171
There was no agent used or involved in the revelation of the Gospel to ‘Isa.

But Muhammad had an agent, Gabriel, who brought the Qur‘anic revelations to him.

Al-Ma'idah 5:46
Christians falsely claimed that Jesus is the Son of God. At-Taubah 9:30-31
‘Isa did not die on a cross. He was not killed or crucified. Those saying that he was crucified were lying. An-Nisa' 4:157
‘Isa did not die, but ascended to Allah. An-Nisa' 4:158
On the Day of Resurrection, ‘Isa himself will be a witness against Jews and Christians for believing in his death. An-Nisa’ 4:159
Christians and Jews could not be freed from their ignorance until Muhammad came bringing the Qur’an as clear evidence. Al-Bayyinah 98:1
Muhammad was Allah’s gift to Christians to correct misunderstandings.

They should accept Muhammad as Allah’s Messenger, and the Qur’an as his final revelation.

Al-Ma’idah 5:15; Al-Hadid 57:28; An-Nisa’ 4:47
Some Christians and Jews are faithful true believers of Islam. Al 'Imran 3:113,114
Muslims believed in the Gospels (Injil).

But they usually do not read the Gospel as they thought that it was corrupted.

Al-Baqarah 2:136
All true believers will submit to Allah by accepting Muhammad as the prophet of Islam. They will become Muslims. Al 'Imran 3:198-199
Although Jews and pagans will have the greatest enmity against Muslims, it is the Christians who will be nearest in love to the true believers, the Muslims. Al-Ma’idah 5:82
True Christians will not love Muhammad’s enemies.

In other words, anyone who opposes Muhammad is not a true Christian.

Al-Mujadilah 58:22
Some Jews and Christians are true believers, accepting Islam. But the majority are transgressors. Al 'Imran 3:109-110
Many monks and rabbis are greedy for wealth. They prevent their people from coming to Allah. At-Taubah 9:34,35
Christians and Jews who disbelieve in Muhammad will go to hell. Al-Bayyinah 98:6
Muslims should not take Christians or Jews for friends. Al-Ma’idah 5:51
They must fight against Christians and Jews who refuse Islam until they surrender, pay the poll-tax and are humiliated.

Besides this verse, there are hundreds of Qur’anic verses on the subject of jihad in the path of Allah, as well as the Book of Jihad, which was found in all Hadith collections.

At-Taubah 9:29
The Qur'an taught about the Second Coming of ‘Isa. Az-Zukhruf 43:61
‘Isa is the means to know Judgement Day. Az-Zukhruf 43:61

Compiled on:
11 September 2004